Benzene is the most common aromatic compound found in organic chemistry and naming its derivatives can be difficult, as they are known for both their IUPAC nomenclature and common names. The use of common names is largely approved by the chemistry societies and when naming a pluri-substituted compound, these names are referred to as “parent names”.

Different rules are applied to the derivatives of benzene, depending on the number of substituents that are present. Mainly, we divide these compounds in:

  • Monosubstituted

  • Disubstitutes

  • Three or more substituted