Cleft Lip and Palate
A cleft lip and palate is a malformation, which occurs when the lip and/or roof of the mouth does not completely fuse during the first trimester of fetal development. A cleft lip and palate can be diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound. The upper lip and palate is formed separately at different gestational age ranges. The upper lip develops from fusing tissue of the nose and the center of the face. The formation of the upper lip takes place between the 7th and 9th week of gestation. The palate develops from fusing tissue of the upper lip, gum and inner mouth. The formation of the palate takes place between 7th and 14th week of gestation.
Figure 1:Anatomy of lip and palate