The reproductive system is essential for sustaining the human species and is unique to each sex. The organs of the male reproductive system include the testis, epididymis, scrotum, ductus deferens, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, bulbourethral glands, urethra, and penis. The organs of the female reproductive system include the ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, and mammary glands.

Both the male and female reproductive systems:

  • Produce sex cells and sex hormones
  • Move sex cells to the site of potential fertilization

Additionally, the female reproductive system provides an environment where offspring can develop. Delivery of offspring and production of milk for the newborn are also functions of the female reproductive system.

Both female and male systems sit in the pelvis. The male system includes the penis and prostate, as well as the epididymis and testis, which sit in the scrotum. The female system includes the vagina, uterus, uterine tubes, and ovaries.

Figure 1: The male and female reproductive systems.