The regions of the body can be divided into sub-regions where specific terms refer to a certain part of the region. There are two categories of sub-regions: the axial sub-regions and the appendicular sub-regions.

Axial sub-regional terms:

  • Cephalic, meaning the region including the head
  • Cervical, meaning the region including the neck
  • Thoracic, meaning the region from neck to diaphragm
  • Abdominal, meaning the region from the diaphragm to pelvis
  • Pelvic, meaning the region including the pelvis
  • Pubic, meaning the lower part of the abdomen

Appendicular sub-regional terms:

  • Upper extremities, meaning the region including the arm
  • Lower extremities, meaning the region including the legs
  • Manis, meaning the region including hands
  • Pedal, meaning the region including the feet

The sub-region can be divided even further into more specific regions when necessary.

Image 1: Axial sub-regions marked on a human model in red and appendicular sub-regions marked on the same model in blue