The temporal lobe is close to your ear level on the side of your skull. The lateral sulcus (or Sylvian fissure) separates it from the frontal lobe.

This lobe is associated with auditory and visual processing and the formation of conscious and long-term memory.

At the end of the lateral sulcus is Wernicke’s area. This area is responsible for language comprehension. Damage in this area leads to Wernicke’s aphasia, or receptive aphasia, during which the person is not able to understand the content of the language.

Figure 1: The temporal lobe